Now accepting Telehealth appointments. Schedule a virtual visit.

What is Insulin Resistance?

Understanding insulin resistance is key to understanding the development of type two diabetes.

First, let’s talk about insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by specific cells in your pancreas, an organ in your abdomen. Insulin helps regulate blood sugar and helps store and use the carbohydrates we eat for energy. Your liver also produces sugar through a process called gluconeogenesis. Insulin counteracts gluconeogenesis, telling the body to stop producing sugar when we have received the energy we need from food.

When we ingest high fat foods, we end up with fat in our blood. We may even have fat spillover from overly full fat cells when we become overweight or obese. This excess fat also gets trapped in our liver. Most often all of these issues go hand in hand. Excess fat muddies cell signaling processes, and the body can no longer use its insulin effectively. This leads the pancreas to make more and more insulin that our body cannot use because we are now insulin resistant. Insulin resistance is when you have enough, often too much, insulin around, but your body cannot use it.

In normal amounts, insulin is helpful and necessary, in excess, insulin promotes weight gain and progression to type two diabetes. Over time, insulin resistance leads to high blood sugars, because your body cannot process the sugar you eat. Insulin also is not effectively stopping liver gluconeogenesis, furthering high blood sugar. Thus, insulin resistance is a large factor in the development of type two diabetes - a disease of high blood sugar.

So, how do we break this cycle of insulin resistance? This vicious cycle can be broken with lifestyle change that promotes insulin sensitivity - the opposite of insulin resistance. Specific ways to combat insulin resistance are a diet rich in plants and low in processed and animal-based fats, intermittent fasting, exercise, weight loss and sleep.

Are you struggling with any of these issues? If so, please reach out so we can help!


You Might Also Enjoy...

The Insurance Fallacy

Pricing transparency brings down medical costs. Patients operate under the impression that they pay for insurance to decrease their out of pocket medical expenses. Sadly, this is a fallacy. We'll show you how you can get more value for fewer dollars.

Why Lifestyle Medicine?

If you have made it to age 50 without chronic prescription drugs, you are in the vast minority. 75% of people over 50 are on chronic prescriptions. Chronic diseases are now the norm...

My Nutrition Journey

Within a week of changing our diet, we all were feeling so much better. In six weeks, my husband dropped nearly 20 pounds, started having better work outs and started losing what he called his “Indian uncle paunch.” I started feeling more energetic...

We have a YouTube Channel!

Dr. Thangudu started a YouTube channel to bring her clinic to your home. We discuss insulin resistance, diabetes, Hashimoto's, thyroid disease, all the hormone issues!

Telehealth: The Advantages of Telemedicine

Struggles to get to the clinic? Trying to reduce your exposure to COVID-19, as well as other contagious illnesses, and still need to see your doctor? Telehealth is safe and easy — receive quality care from anywhere.